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dsimple.c

/* $Xorg: dsimple.c,v 1.4 2001/02/09 02:05:54 xorgcvs Exp $ */
/*

Copyright 1993, 1998  The Open Group

Permission to use, copy, modify, distribute, and sell this software and its
documentation for any purpose is hereby granted without fee, provided that
the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that
copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
documentation.

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included
in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT.
IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OPEN GROUP BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR
OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE,
ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR
OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

Except as contained in this notice, the name of The Open Group shall
not be used in advertising or otherwise to promote the sale, use or
other dealings in this Software without prior written authorization
from The Open Group.

*/
/* $XFree86: xc/programs/xlsfonts/dsimple.c,v 3.6 2001/12/14 20:02:09 dawes Exp $ */

#include <X11/Xos.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xutil.h>
#include <X11/cursorfont.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
/*
 * Other_stuff.h: Definitions of routines in other_stuff.
 *
 * Written by Mark Lillibridge.   Last updated 7/1/87
 */

#ifdef BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT
#include <X11/XprintUtil/xprintutil.h>
#endif /* BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT */
#include "dsimple.h"

/*
 * Just_display: A group of routines designed to make the writting of simple
 *               X11 applications which open a display but do not open
 *               any windows much faster and easier.  Unless a routine says
 *               otherwise, it may be assumed to require program_name, dpy,
 *               and screen already defined on entry.
 *
 * Written by Mark Lillibridge.   Last updated 7/1/87
 */


/* This stuff is defined in the calling program by just_display.h */
char    *program_name = "unknown_program";
Display *dpy = NULL;
int      screen = 0;
Bool     printer_output = False; /* Video or printer output ? */
#ifdef BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT
XPContext pcontext = None;
#endif /* BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT */

static void _bitmap_error(int, char *);

/*
 * Malloc: like malloc but handles out of memory using Fatal_Error.
 */
char *Malloc(size)
     unsigned size;
{
      char *data;

      if (!(data = malloc(size)))
        Fatal_Error("Out of memory!");

      return(data);
}
      

/*
 * Realloc: like Malloc except for realloc, handles NULL using Malloc.
 */
char *Realloc(ptr, size)
        char *ptr;
        int size;
{
      char *new_ptr;

      if (!ptr)
        return(Malloc(size));

      if (!(new_ptr = realloc(ptr, size)))
        Fatal_Error("Out of memory!");

      return(new_ptr);
}


/*
 * Get_Display_Name (argc, argv) Look for -display, -d, or host:dpy (obselete)
 * If found, remove it from command line.  Don't go past a lone -.
 */
char *Get_Display_Name(pargc, argv)
    int *pargc;  /* MODIFIED */
    char **argv; /* MODIFIED */
{
    int argc = *pargc;
    char **pargv = argv+1;
    char *displayname = NULL;
    int i;

    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
      char *arg = argv[i];

      if (!strcmp (arg, "-display") || !strcmp (arg, "-d")) {
          if (++i >= argc) usage ();

          displayname = argv[i];
          *pargc -= 2;
          continue;
      }
      if (!strcmp(arg,"-")) {
            while (i<argc)
                  *pargv++ = argv[i++];
            break;
      }
      *pargv++ = arg;
    }

    *pargv = NULL;
    return (displayname);
}


#ifdef BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT
/*
 * Get_Printer_Name (argc, argv) Look for -printer, -p,
 * If found, remove it from command line.  Don't go past a lone -.
 */
char *Get_Printer_Name(pargc, argv)
    int *pargc;  /* MODIFIED */
    char **argv; /* MODIFIED */
{
    int argc = *pargc;
    char **pargv = argv+1;
    char *printername = NULL;
    int i;

    for (i = 1; i < argc; i++) {
      char *arg = argv[i];

      if (!strcmp (arg, "-printer") || !strcmp (arg, "-p")) {
          if (++i >= argc) usage ();

          printername = argv[i];
          *pargc -= 2;
          continue;
      }
      if (!strcmp(arg,"-")) {
            while (i<argc)
                  *pargv++ = argv[i++];
            break;
      }
      *pargv++ = arg;
    }

    *pargv = NULL;
    return (printername);
}
#endif /* BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT */

/*
 * Open_Display: Routine to open a display with correct error handling.
 *               Does not require dpy or screen defined on entry.
 */
Display *Open_Display(display_name)
char *display_name;
{
      Display *d;

      d = XOpenDisplay(display_name);
      if (d == NULL) {
          fprintf (stderr, "%s:  unable to open display '%s'\n",
                 program_name, XDisplayName (display_name));
          usage ();
          /* doesn't return */
      }

      return(d);
}


/*
 * Setup_Display_And_Screen: This routine opens up the correct display (i.e.,
 *                           it calls Get_Display_Name) and then stores a
 *                           pointer to it in dpy.  The default screen
 *                           for this display is then stored in screen.
 *                           Does not require dpy or screen defined.
 */
void Setup_Display_And_Screen(argc, argv)
int *argc;      /* MODIFIED */
char **argv;    /* MODIFIED */
{
        char *displayname = NULL,
             *printername = NULL;
        
        displayname = Get_Display_Name(argc, argv);
#ifdef BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT
        printername = Get_Printer_Name(argc, argv);
        
        if (displayname && printername) {
          fprintf (stderr, "%s:  you cannot specify -printer (-p) and -display (-d) at the same time.\n",
                 program_name);
          usage ();
        }

        if (printername) {
            printer_output = True;
            
            if (XpuGetPrinter(printername, &dpy, &pcontext) != 1) {
                fprintf(stderr, "%s: Cannot open printer '%s'.\n", program_name, printername);
                exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
            }

            screen = XScreenNumberOfScreen(XpGetScreenOfContext(dpy, pcontext));
        }
        else
#endif /* BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT */
        {
            printer_output = False;

          dpy = Open_Display (displayname);
          screen = XDefaultScreen(dpy);
        }
}

/*
 * Close_Display: Close display
 */
void Close_Display(void)
{
    if (dpy == NULL)
      return;
      
#ifdef BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT
    if (printer_output) {
        XpuClosePrinterDisplay(dpy, pcontext);
        dpy            = NULL;
        pcontext       = None;
        printer_output = False;
    }
    else
#endif /* BUILD_PRINTSUPPORT */
    {
        XCloseDisplay(dpy);
        dpy = NULL;
    }
}


/*
 * Open_Font: This routine opens a font with error handling.
 */
XFontStruct *Open_Font(name)
char *name;
{
      XFontStruct *font;

      if (!(font=XLoadQueryFont(dpy, name)))
        Fatal_Error("Unable to open font %s!", name);

      return(font);
}


/*
 * Beep: Routine to beep the display.
 */
void Beep()
{
      XBell(dpy, 50);
}


/*
 * ReadBitmapFile: same as XReadBitmapFile except it returns the bitmap
 *                 directly and handles errors using Fatal_Error.
 */
static void _bitmap_error(status, filename)
     int status;
     char *filename;
{
  if (status == BitmapOpenFailed)
    Fatal_Error("Can't open file %s!", filename);
  else if (status == BitmapFileInvalid)
    Fatal_Error("file %s: Bad bitmap format.", filename);
  else
    Fatal_Error("Out of memory!");
}

Pixmap ReadBitmapFile(d, filename, width, height, x_hot, y_hot)
     Drawable d;
     char *filename;
     int *width, *height, *x_hot, *y_hot;
{
  Pixmap bitmap;
  int status;

  status = XReadBitmapFile(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, screen), filename,
                     (unsigned int *)width, (unsigned int *)height,
                     &bitmap, x_hot, y_hot);
  if (status != BitmapSuccess)
    _bitmap_error(status, filename);

  return(bitmap);
}


/*
 * WriteBitmapFile: same as XWriteBitmapFile except it handles errors
 *                  using Fatal_Error.
 */
void WriteBitmapFile(filename, bitmap, width, height, x_hot, y_hot)
     char *filename;
     Pixmap bitmap;
     int width, height, x_hot, y_hot;
{
  int status;

  status= XWriteBitmapFile(dpy, filename, bitmap, width, height, x_hot,
                     y_hot);
  if (status != BitmapSuccess)
    _bitmap_error(status, filename);
}


/*
 * Select_Window_Args: a rountine to provide a common interface for
 *                     applications that need to allow the user to select one
 *                     window on the screen for special consideration.
 *                     This routine implements the following command line
 *                     arguments:
 *
 *                       -root            Selects the root window.
 *                       -id <id>         Selects window with id <id>. <id> may
 *                                        be either in decimal or hex.
 *                       -name <name>     Selects the window with name <name>.
 *
 *                     Call as Select_Window_Args(&argc, argv) in main before
 *                     parsing any of your program's command line arguments.
 *                     Select_Window_Args will remove its arguments so that
 *                     your program does not have to worry about them.
 *                     The window returned is the window selected or 0 if
 *                     none of the above arguments was present.  If 0 is
 *                     returned, Select_Window should probably be called after
 *                     all command line arguments, and other setup is done.
 *                     For examples of usage, see xwininfo, xwd, or xprop.
 */
Window Select_Window_Args(rargc, argv)
     int *rargc;
     char **argv;
#define ARGC (*rargc)
{
      int nargc=1;
      int argc;
      char **nargv;
      Window w=0;

      nargv = argv+1; argc = ARGC;
#define OPTION argv[0]
#define NXTOPTP ++argv, --argc>0
#define NXTOPT if (++argv, --argc==0) usage()
#define COPYOPT nargv++[0]=OPTION, nargc++

      while (NXTOPTP) {
            if (!strcmp(OPTION, "-")) {
                  COPYOPT;
                  while (NXTOPTP)
                    COPYOPT;
                  break;
            }
            if (!strcmp(OPTION, "-root")) {
                  w=RootWindow(dpy, screen);
                  continue;
            }
            if (!strcmp(OPTION, "-name")) {
                  NXTOPT;
                  w = Window_With_Name(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, screen),
                                   OPTION);
                  if (!w)
                    Fatal_Error("No window with name %s exists!",OPTION);
                  continue;
            }
            if (!strcmp(OPTION, "-id")) {
                  NXTOPT;
                  w=0;
                  sscanf(OPTION, "0x%lx", &w);
                  if (!w)
                    sscanf(OPTION, "%lu", &w);
                  if (!w)
                    Fatal_Error("Invalid window id format: %s.", OPTION);
                  continue;
            }
            COPYOPT;
      }
      ARGC = nargc;
      
      return(w);
}

/*
 * Other_stuff: A group of routines which do common X11 tasks.
 *
 * Written by Mark Lillibridge.   Last updated 7/1/87
 */

/*
 * Resolve_Color: This routine takes a color name and returns the pixel #
 *                that when used in the window w will be of color name.
 *                (WARNING:  The colormap of w MAY be modified! )
 *                If colors are run out of, only the first n colors will be
 *                as correct as the hardware can make them where n depends
 *                on the display.  This routine does not require wind to
 *                be defined.
 */
unsigned long Resolve_Color(w, name)
     Window w;
     char *name;
{
      XColor c;
      Colormap colormap;
      XWindowAttributes wind_info;

      /*
       * The following is a hack to insure machines without a rgb table
       * handle at least white & black right.
       */
      if (!strcmp(name, "white"))
        name="#ffffffffffff";
      if (!strcmp(name, "black"))
        name="#000000000000";

      XGetWindowAttributes(dpy, w, &wind_info);
      colormap = wind_info.colormap;

      if (!XParseColor(dpy, colormap, name, &c))
        Fatal_Error("Bad color format '%s'.", name);

      if (!XAllocColor(dpy, colormap, &c))
        Fatal_Error("XAllocColor failed!");

      return(c.pixel);
}


/*
 * Bitmap_To_Pixmap: Convert a bitmap to a 2 colored pixmap.  The colors come
 *                   from the foreground and background colors of the gc.
 *                   Width and height are required solely for efficiency.
 *                   If needed, they can be obtained via. XGetGeometry.
 */
Pixmap Bitmap_To_Pixmap(dpy, d, gc, bitmap, width, height)
     Display *dpy;
     Drawable d;
     GC gc;
     Pixmap bitmap;
     int width, height;
{
  Pixmap pix;
  int x;
  unsigned int i, depth;
  Drawable root;

  if (!XGetGeometry(dpy, d, &root, &x, &x, &i, &i, &i, &depth))
    return(0);

  pix = XCreatePixmap(dpy, d, width, height, (int)depth);

  XCopyPlane(dpy, bitmap, pix, gc, 0, 0, width, height, 0, 0, 1);

  return(pix);
}


/*
 * blip: a debugging routine.  Prints Blip! on stderr with flushing. 
 */
void blip()
{
    fflush(stdout);
    fprintf(stderr, "blip!\n");
    fflush(stderr);
}


/*
 * Routine to let user select a window using the mouse
 */

Window Select_Window(dpy)
     Display *dpy;
{
  int status;
  Cursor cursor;
  XEvent event;
  Window target_win = None, root = RootWindow(dpy,screen);
  int buttons = 0;

  /* Make the target cursor */
  cursor = XCreateFontCursor(dpy, XC_crosshair);

  /* Grab the pointer using target cursor, letting it room all over */
  status = XGrabPointer(dpy, root, False,
                  ButtonPressMask|ButtonReleaseMask, GrabModeSync,
                  GrabModeAsync, root, cursor, CurrentTime);
  if (status != GrabSuccess) Fatal_Error("Can't grab the mouse.");

  /* Let the user select a window... */
  while ((target_win == None) || (buttons != 0)) {
    /* allow one more event */
    XAllowEvents(dpy, SyncPointer, CurrentTime);
    XWindowEvent(dpy, root, ButtonPressMask|ButtonReleaseMask, &event);
    switch (event.type) {
    case ButtonPress:
      if (target_win == None) {
      target_win = event.xbutton.subwindow; /* window selected */
      if (target_win == None) target_win = root;
      }
      buttons++;
      break;
    case ButtonRelease:
      if (buttons > 0) /* there may have been some down before we started */
      buttons--;
       break;
    }
  } 

  XUngrabPointer(dpy, CurrentTime);      /* Done with pointer */

  return(target_win);
}


/*
 * Window_With_Name: routine to locate a window with a given name on a display.
 *                   If no window with the given name is found, 0 is returned.
 *                   If more than one window has the given name, the first
 *                   one found will be returned.  Only top and its subwindows
 *                   are looked at.  Normally, top should be the RootWindow.
 */
Window Window_With_Name(dpy, top, name)
     Display *dpy;
     Window top;
     char *name;
{
      Window *children, dummy;
      unsigned int nchildren;
      int i;
      Window w=0;
      char *window_name;

      if (XFetchName(dpy, top, &window_name) && !strcmp(window_name, name))
        return(top);

      if (!XQueryTree(dpy, top, &dummy, &dummy, &children, &nchildren))
        return(0);

      for (i=0; i<nchildren; i++) {
            w = Window_With_Name(dpy, children[i], name);
            if (w)
              break;
      }
      if (children) XFree ((char *)children);
      return(w);
}

/*
 * outl: a debugging routine.  Flushes stdout then prints a message on stderr
 *       and flushes stderr.  Used to print messages when past certain points
 *       in code so we can tell where we are.  Outl may be invoked like
 *       printf with up to 7 arguments.
 */
void
outl(char *msg, ...)
{
      va_list args;
      fflush(stdout);
      va_start(args, msg);
      vfprintf(stderr, msg, args);
      va_end(args);
      fprintf(stderr, "\n");
      fflush(stderr);
}


/*
 * Standard fatal error routine - call like printf but maximum of 7 arguments.
 * Does not require dpy or screen defined.
 */
void Fatal_Error(char *msg, ...)
{
      va_list args;
      fflush(stdout);
      fflush(stderr);
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: error: ", program_name);
      va_start(args, msg);
      vfprintf(stderr, msg, args);
      va_end(args);
      fprintf(stderr, "\n");
        Close_Display();
      exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}

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